Statement & Course of Action

Directions for Q. No. 1 to 20 : In each of the questions below is given a statement followed by two courses of action. Course of action is a step for administrative decision to be taken for improvement, follow up or further action in regard to the problem, policy etc. On the basis of the information given in the statement, you have to assume everything in the statement to be true, then decide which of the given suggested courses of action is/are logically worth pursuing.

Give your answer as:

(a) if only I follows  (b) if only II follows (c) if either I or II follows  (d) if neither I nor II follows  (e) if both I and II follow

1.       Statement  : The world conference of “Education for All” took place in 1990. Members who attended conference endorsed the frame-work of action for meeting the basic learning needs of all children.

Courses of Action :   I. India should suitably implement the action points of this conference.

II.      India should also immediately organise this type of conference.

2.         Statement  : Although the Indian economy is still heavily dependent on agriculture, its share in global agricultural trade is less than the share of agricultural exports to total exports.

Course of Action  :  I. Efforts should be made to increase our agricultural production.

II. The exports of non-agricultural commodities should be reduced.

3.         Statement : Huge amount of resources are required to develop tourist places in a country like India, which is endowed with vast coastlines, rivers, forests, temples etc.

Courses of Action : I. More tourist resorts along the coastlines only should be started.

II. The tourist potential of India should be exploited.

4.         Statement  :  The Government has decided not to provide financial support to voluntary organisations from next five year plan and has communicated that all such organisations should raise funds to meet their financial needs.

Courses of Action  : I.  Voluntary organisations should collaborate with foreign agencies.

II.      They should explore other sources of financial support.

5.         Statement  :  The experts group on Technical Education has stressed that Computer Education should be provided to children from primary school itself. It should be implemented in urban and rural schools, simultaneously.

Courses of Action : I. Government should issue instructions to all schools for Computer Education.

II.  At least one teacher of each school should be trained in Computer operations for teaching children.

6.         Statement  :  Employment opportunities in private sector industry declined from 4.50 million in Dec, 1991 to 4.15 million in Nov, 1992 due to large number of ‘sick’ industries.-A report.

Courses of Action : I. The Government should start new industries.

II.  Unemployed should be given concessional loans.

7.         Statement :  Ministry of Tourism in its one of the reports revealed that due to recent social disturbances in the country, the number of foreign tourists has decreased considerably, which resulted in a financial loss of Rs 100 crore.

Courses of Action  : I.  The Government should provide financial support to the tourism sector.

II. Foreign tourists should be informed that they visit the country at their risk.     

8.         Statement  : There are more than 200 villages in the coastal area of Andhra Pradesh which were severely damaged due to cyclone and it caused an extra burden of Rs 200 crore on State Government for relief and rehabilitation work.

Courses of Action : I. People of coastal area should be shifted to other safer places.         

II. State Government should ask for more financial support from Central Government.

9.         Statement : If the retired professors of the same institutes are also invited to deliberate on restructuring of the organisation, their contribution may be beneficial to the institute.

Courses of Action  : I. Management may seek opinion of the employees before calling retired professors.

II. Management should involve experienced people for the systematic restructuring of the organisation.

10.      Statement  :  Experts Committee on Industrial Relations has revealed in their recent reports that not only the internal problems of the organisations were successfully managed through quality circles but also employee’s motivation level was increased significantly.

Courses of Action : I. Organisations should organise orientation programmes for their employees on quality circles.

II. Employees should be encouraged to join quality circle programmes.

Statement and Arguments

Directions for Q. No. 11 to 20 : In making decisions about important questions, it is desirable to distinguish between a ‘strong’ argument and a ‘weak’ argument. A ‘strong’ argument must be both important and directly related to the question. A weak’ argument may not be directly related to the question and may be of minor importance or may be related to the trivial aspect of the question. Each question below is followed by two arguments, numbered I and II. You have to decide which of the arguments is ‘strong’ and which is ‘weak’.

Give your answer as :

(a) if only argument I is strong,  (b) if only argument II is strong

(c) if either I or II are strong,  (d) if neither I nor II is strong,  

(e) if both I and II are strong.

11.      Statement  : Should we impart sex education in schools ?

Arguments  : I. Yes, all the progressive nations do so.

II. No, we can’t impart it in a co-educational school.

12.      Statement  : Should there be a ban on product advertisements ?

Arguments : I. No, it is an age of advertising. Unless your advertisement is better than that of your other competitors, the products will not be sold.

II. Yes, the money spent on advertising is very huge and it inflates the cost of the product.


13.      Statement : Should there be a ceiling on the salary of top executives of multinationals in our country ?

Arguments :  I. Yes, otherwise it would lead to unhealthy competition and , comparison and our own industry would not be able to withstand that.

II. No, with the advent of liberalisation of economy, any such move would be counter-productive. Once the economy picks up, this disparity will be reduced.

14.      Statement : Should public holidays be declared on demise of important national leaders ?

Arguments : I. No, such unscheduled holidays hamper national progress.

II. Yes, people would like to pay their homage to the departed soul.

15.      Statement  : Keeping in consideration the longevity of life in India, should the age-limit for retirement in the Government  jobs be increased ?

Arguments : I. Yes, other countries have decided so long before.

II. Yes, it is the actual demand of lakhs of employees.

16.      Statement : Should new universities be established in India ?

Arguments : I. No, we have not yet achieved the target of literacy.

II. No, we have to face the problems of highly educated but unemployed youths.

17.      Statement  : Should small States be formed out of bigger States in India ?

Arguments : I.  Yes, there will be greater administrative convenience.

II. No, it will jeopardize the national integration.

18.      Statement  : Should all the Government owned educational institutions be given ‘to private sector ?

Arguments : I. Yes, there will be up gradation of educational standard in these institutions.

II.  Yes, the educational standard of these institutions will decrease.

19.      Statement  : Should the organisations like the UNO be abolished ?

Arguments : I.  The cold war is going to an end, so there is no role of such organisations.

II. No, in the absence of these organi­sations, there will be a world war.



20.      Statement : Should there be complete ban on manufacture of fire-crackers in India ?

Arguments : I. No, this will render thousands of workers jobless.

II. Yes, the fire-cracker manufacturers use child labour to a large extent.

Statement and Assumption

Directions (Q.21-25): In each question below is given a statement followed by two assumptions numbered I and II. An assumption is something supposed or taken for granted. You have to consider the statement and the following assumptions and decide which of the assumptions is implicit in the statement.

Give answer 1) if only assumption I is implicit.

Give answer 2) if only assumption II is implicit.

Give answer 3) if either assumption I or II is implicit.

Give answer 4) if neither assumption I nor II is implicit.

Give answer 5) if both assumptions I and II are implicit.

21.      Statement :  Many employees of the organisation applied for special sabbatical leave of two years to pursue higher education.

Assumptions : I. The management of the organisation. may not grant leave to most of these employees.

II. These employees may be able to complete their education during the sabbatical leave.

22.      Statement : The college administration has instructed all the students to stop using cell phones within the college premises.

Assumptions : I. The students may stop using cell phones in the college premises.

II. The students may continue to use cell phones in the college premises.

23.      Statement :  The Govt. has decided to levy congestion tax on passengers travelling by air to and from the metro cities.

Assumptions :  I. The tax so collected may be adequate to meet part of the expenses for providing additional resources to handle huge traffic.

II. Passengers travelling by air to and from these cities may be able to pay extra amount by way of congestion tax.

24.      Statement : The local citizens group submitted a memorandum to the civic authority for allowing them to convert the vacant plot in the locality into a garden at their own cost.

Assumptions : I. The local citizen group may be able to gather enough funds to develop the garden.

II. The civic authority may not accede to the request of the local citizen group.

25.      Statement : Most of the private companies have decided against awarding annual increase in the salaries of  their employees for the previous year due to the current economic situation.

Assumptions : I. Majority of the employees may leave their job to protest against the decision.

II. These companies may announce hike in salaries next year.

Statement, Cause & Effects

Directions – (Q. 26 to 30) In each of the following questions, two statements are given. There may or may not be cause and effect relationship between the two statements.

Mark your answer using this code –

          (A) Statement I is the cause and statement II is the effect

          (B) Statement II is the cause and statement I is the effect

          (C) Both the statements are independent causes

          (D) Both the statements are independent effects

26.      Statement I :  School education has been made free for children of poor families.

          Statement II :  Literacy rate among the poor is steadily growing.

27.      Statement I : Hallmarking of gold jewellery has been made compulsory.

          Statement II : Many persons do not prefer to buy Hallmarked jewellery.

28. Statement I : Many vegetarians are suffering stomach ailments.

          Statement II : Many dead fish were found near the lake shore.

29.      Statement I : Ahmed is a healthy boy.

          Statement II : His mother is very particular about the food he eats.

30.      Statement I :  Rate of crime is very low in this city.

          Statement II : The police is efficient in this city.

Statement and Conclusions

Directions for Q. No. 31 to 34 : In each of the questions given below, one or more statement (s) is/are followed by inferential conclusions. The conclusion, which can be derived without supposing anything else, i.e., without adding anything extra to the statement (s), is your answer.

31.      Statement  : The Education Secretary said that it was extremely necessary that the professional researchers  along with practicing school teachers conduct the practical research.



Conclusions  :

(a) Practicing teachers know the techniques of research.

(b) Professional researchers are quite aware of the problems related to the school education.

(c) Educational Secretary was speaking to the school students.

(d) There is a communication gap between researchers and the practicing school teachers.

(e)     School education is quite a specialised field and so long as teacher is not trained, the standard of education can’t be qualitatively better.

32.      Statement  : Vehicular source contributes 60% to the total pollution level of Delhi, as the Rajya Sabha was informed today.

Conclusions :

(a) The court has ordered that the main source of pollution should be identified.

(b) The problem of pollution is high in the agenda of the House.

(c)     In the other cities also, vehicular source contributes around the same percentage level of pollution.

(d) This matter was raised first in the Lok Sabha.

(e) Not many towns in India face the problem of pollution.      

33.      Statement : There are chances of hike in the electricity tariff soon. This proposal will bring about a sharp increase for the industrial consumers and marginal increase for the domestic consumer.

Conclusions :                       

(a) At present there is a disparity in the electricity tariff between the domestic and the industrial consumers.

(b) Industrial consumers consume more electricity than the domestic users.

(c) Consumption of electricity by the industrial consumers is comparatively lower than the domestic users.

(d) After this hike, the electricity board will start making profit.

(e) If this proposal is accepted, then industrial output will get positively affected.

34.      Statement : State Government imposes a monthly tax on the salary of all the employees. The tax amount varies according to the income slab. The Central Government also imposes tax on the same income which is  known as the income tax. This is against the theory of taxation.

Conclusions :

(a)     A regular collection, irrespective of the income slab, by the Central Government is the income tax.

(b) The Central Government should not collect any tax on income.

(c) Income tax should not vary according to the income slabs.

(d) Tax should be imposed only once on an individual.

(e) The State Government should impose any tax on income. 

Directions for Q. No. 35 : In each of the question below are given certain statements followed by some conclusions. Choose the conclusion which follows from the given statements.

35.      Statements  : None but the rich can afford air travel.  Some of those who travel by air become sick. Some of those who become sick require treatment.

Conclusions  :

 (a) All the rich persons travel by air.     

(b) Those who travel by air become sick.

(c) All the rich persons become sick.     

(d) All those who travel by air are rich.


1. (a)         2. (a)           3. (b)           4. (b)             5. (e)           6. (e)  

7. (d)         8. (e)           9. (b)           10. (e)           11. (d)        12. (e)

13.(e)        14. (a)        15. (b)        16. (d)          17. (e)         18. (a)

19. (e)       20. (e)         21. (b)        22. (a)          23. (e)         24. (a)

25. (d)      26. (a)        27. (b)        28. (d)          29. (b)        30. (b)

31. (e)       32. (b)        33. (b)        34. (d)          35. (d)